Canoanele si Dreptul canonic · The 32nd Canon of Quinisext Synod as an authentic interpretation of mike – 5 May 0 · Drept penal bisericesc. , –, –; Floca, Drept canonic ortodox, vol. II, p. .. Milaş, N., , Dreptul bisericesc oriental, Bucureşti, Tipografia „Gutenberg”. Milaş, N., 24 N. Milaş: Dreptul bisericesc oriental, p. 25 I.N. Floca: Drept canonic orthodox. Legislaţie şi administraţie bisericească. Vol. II. Bucureşti , p.
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biseriesc Floca, Orthodox Canon Law. Truly, one canon, previous to the era of Ecumenical and local Synods canons, included the two words which the term of autocephaly was born from autoz and kejalhthat is the 34th Apostolic canon. In the same time, they strengthened the indispensability of the ethnic element in organizing an autocephalous Church, as a divine regulation. Ecclesiastical legislation and administration Drept canonic ortodox.
We may say that the notion of canonical territory at the level of the Episcopalian Churches appeared in the times of the Holy Apostles and developed in the ecclesiastical practice from the 2nd and the 3rd centuries and later, through the apparition of new forms of ecclesiastical organization. It is damnable that the Ecumenical Patriarchy takes under its jurisdiction Romanian orthodox communities, or of other ethnicity, without the agreement of the mother-Church, communities that lost their canonical link with the mother-Church, this fact being a trespassing of the canons and ecclesiological orthodox principles .
In consequence, the Patriarchy of Constantinople itself, with all its privileges recognized by the ecumenical synods 3rd can. Elion, Bucharest,p. Thus, the word autocephaly continues to appear in the lists of the seats from the canonical territory of the historical patriarchates, although they were modified in time. This kind of evolution of the setup and administrative working of the ecclesiastical territorial units was marked by changes regarding the canonical statute of these local communities.
Xno. The principles of ecclesiastical organization and leading, together with the spiritual means at the disposal of the Church for the fulfillment of its existential purpose, were going to ensure, in time, the unity of the Church, with all the diversity of nations and languages of those who were becoming subjects of law in the Church, through the administration of the Holy Sacrament of Baptism.
Supporting the idea of canonical incompleteness of the post-synodal autocephalies and the necessity of presenting them for examination to a future Ecumenical Synod, it is questioned not only the concept of canonicity but also the canonicity in the inter-orthodox relations, afer the era of ecumenical synods.
Iulian Mihai L. CONSTANTINESCU: The principle of ecclesiastical autocephaly
The same manner, the bishops are not allowed to ordain outside their diocese 35th apost. Bisericesx 34th apostolic canon expresses in a positive manner the importance of the ethnic principle as a fundament of the ecclesiastical organization and of the exercise of jurisdiction over the own Diaspora . But, from all these does not result that only the ecumenical synod is able to confer a complete autocephaly.
Despite these, as far back biesricesc from the apostolic age until the 2nd — 3rd centuries, the local Churches were ruled in an autocephalous manner by the bishops subsequently the leadership of ecclesiastical units passing to the local, provincial synods bjsericesc37th apost. The filetism is regarded by these theologians, supporters of the Constantinopolitan seat, as a nationalist principle applied in the ecclesiastical area, ignoring in the same time the word of our Saviour, addressed to His disciples before His Ascension: The bishop, being ordained for the local community, becomes a testimony of the faith of his local community, being integrated in the Episcopal college and therefore he becomes the testimony of the entire apostolic teaching and biseticesc as the theologian W.
A restraint autonomy is attributed to the different settlements or associations, irrespective of their rite, Latin or Byzantine. Autocephaly, autonomy, ethnic principle, jurisdiction, inter-orthodox relations, Diaspora In the latest decades, in the bosom of ecumenical Orthodoxy were carried numerous discussions on the institution of autocephaly, as form of organization of the orthodox ecclesiastical territorial units as well as the procedure of their constitution and this despite the canonical regulations and the traditional practice of biserciesc Church.
After a bisdricesc is reached, the mother-Church recognizes formally the autocephaly of its f,oca, either through bsiericesc synodal decision, or through a synodal Tomos. The proclamation of autocephaly by the mother-Church means, in fact, the execution of this act in the name of the Bisericecs Church, by exercising the authority that the whole Church possesses solidarily .
Another regulation is the canonical recognition of the autocephaly being necessary the recognition and acceptance in the orthodox communion of the autocephalous Church by all the autocephalous Churches; it is also necessary the agreement of the state on whose biaericesc the autocephalous Church is constituted.
The Holy Apostles, being conscious of their unique and unrepeatable authority received from Savior Jesus Christ, enjoying universal jurisdiction by virtue of the extraordinary grace of apostolacy, preached the Gospel of our Savior Jesus Christ as far as the ends of the world Mt The actual situation of the orthodox Diaspora is due to the misinterpretation of the canons that concern the jurisdiction over the Diaspora in the Greek world, especially of the 28th canon from the Fourth Ecumenical Synod from Chalcedon, which is the only canon that refers to the Diaspora of the Constantinopolitan Church, mentioning that the archbishop of Constantinople may ordain the bishops from the barbarian lands, i.
Other ecclesiastical semi-autocephalous units, called autocephalous archbishoprics, became more and more numerous since 4th-5th centuries. The fact that until the 19th century the word autocephaly was rarely used is due to the use of different expressions that expressed the same content or to the use of the term autonomy and of other terms synonym to the one of autocephaly.
Likewise, the Constantinopolitan Church received privileges and prerogatives from the byzantine emperors, being an imperial city. The greek canonist, Fr. A historical-canonical view The specificity of the Orthodox Church, both towards de Roman-Catholic Church and towards the Protestantism is the organization of ecclesiastical-territorial units on biseeicesc ground of the principles of autocephaly and autonomy, i.
The canonical grounds are included in the canons that mention the constitution of flcoa Churches in the apostolic era 34th, 35th, 37th apost. Thus, the mother-Church, being co-responsible of maintaining the pan-orthodox unity and canonical order, it has to consult the other local autocephalous sister-Churches to see the opportunity of a positive settlement of the autocephaly demand. Grigorios Papathomas maintain that those who support the ethnic principles make a confusion between Church and Nation assimilating the Church to the Nation, non being accepted the jurisdiction over an ethnic group and in conclusion more jurisdictions, but an universal jurisdiction, the one of the Ecumenical Patriarchy.
Complete autocephalies may exist even without the express approval of an ecumenical synod, the ecclesiastical autocephalous units flocz able to constitute themselves either spontaneously, or through autocephaly proclamation acts issued by certain existent autocephalous Churches.
Liviu Stan shows, standard autocephalous units . These local communities, drelt by bishops, administrated themselves independently one from flca, although dfept the bishops governed the whole Church in communion, without enjoying universal jurisdiction, but only a local one, hence limited to the boundaries of their diocese .
The constitution of local autocephalous Churches in the ethnic framework is based on some grounds that can be natural, historical, doctrinal, dogmatic and canonical, as it is specified in Fr. Iorga, Bloc A 53, Sc. IV ec; 8th, 36th, 38th can VI ec. We cannot see this as an attribution of jurisdictional rights over the entire Diaspora. Later, this term was misinterpreted by the Greek historians and canonists, exactly biseficesc justify their illegitimate pretentions of the Ecumenical Patriarchy on the jurisdiction of the entire Diaspora .
As the Romanian orthodox canonist Fr. Thus, the autocephalous form of organization of the Church is a traditional form in the bosom of ecumenical Orthodoxy, asserting itself as the fundamental canonical-juridical institution.
After the 14th century, as Fr. In consequence, the term autokejaloz autokejalon – used in biology acquires a new meaning, unknown by the profane speaking, which the social sciences used the term autonomia for, understood as the personal independence, the social independence bjsericesc the sovereignty under juridical aspect. We find the historical ground for the constitution of the autocephalies in the ecclesiastical history and tradition, the whole ecclesiastical regulation being settled as customary rrept and visericesc found in the text of the canons, precisely on the long biserjcesc basis.
Although there were — and still are — numerous dissension regarding the institution of autocephaly and the ecclesiastical jurisdictions, all canonists accept that the interpretation of the canons that concern the principle of autocephaly and the other principles in tight connection it can be realized only in the light of the historical data, data which must also be related to the orthodox canonical doctrine .
Besides these grounds there can be added some political grounds, i. Despite these, the ethnic link is a ground of the right and obligation of every autocephalous Church to organize and guide the religious life of its own Diasporas, in order to keep the ancient orthodox faith, as well as in order benefit in Diaspora from the spiritual content shared by the Church with its sons in the respective flocw state.