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Operational planning is conducted as early as possible. Guerrilla operations in this case support the main effort of the enemy force by disrupting command, control, communications, and logistical operations of friendly forces.
This is the most recent available version of the U. The doctrine provides principles 09-8 guide the actions of US forces conducting counterguerrilla operations. However, reaction to intelligence may require an immediate response. Special units trained for guerrilla warfare usually have a primary mission to conduct guerrilla warfare operations against targets of opportunity with a follow-on mission to train an indigenous guerrilla force.
Political considerations are reduced. It must be recognized that, in some situations, the political system of the area will be sympathetic to the guerrillas.
Some of these factors include the force composition, aviation assets, fire support assets, mobility, equipment, and size of the counterguerrilla force. Depending on the composition of the guerrilla force, it may have aviation and fire support assets available to it.
FM 90-8 (ARMY FIELD MANUAL), COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS (29 AUG 1986)
Generally, the counterguerrilla force plans its operations to minimize damage to the economic structure of an area. By destroying key facilities and interdicting lines of communication and supply, the guerrilla force causes confusion within the friendly force rear areas. The insurgents will offer hope for change and exploit dissatisfaction with the current government. US forces must, in all cases, treat the civilian populace in a fair and just manner whether the people support the US presence or not.
In some cases, if the guerrilla force is not too large, then it may rely on captured or improvised equipment and materiel. In many cases, the indigenous guerrilla unit may be trained by special units inserted by the enemy force. On the other hand, the risk to national survival is not as great in a counterinsurgency conflict, but the probability of these types of conflicts occurring is much greater.
Terrain affects men, equipment, trafficability, visibility, and the employment of NBC weapons. Their level of training is usually high, and these units are skilled in weapons, demolitions, communications, medicine, operations, and the ability to improvise when needed.
That situation may occur when US forces operate in captured enemy territory. In addition, the counterguerrilla force maximizes all information that can be gained from tactical operations to locate the guerrilla force. They are characterized by elusiveness, surprise, and brief, violent action.
FM Chptr 4 Counterguerrilla Operations In Conventional Conflicts
These operation include reconnaissance patrols, ambushes, attacks, encirclements, and movements to contact. As with political factors, social factors are considered, but their impact is usually reduced.
However, if it does exist, it normally occurs in support of enemy forces engaged in conventional combat with friendly forces and occurs in the friendly force rear areas. Preventive defensive techniques include movement security, security patrolling, and combat patrolling, among others. The concepts discussed in this chapter are geared to the needs of the tactical commander but can be used by the rear battle officer as well.
In addition, facilities and operations that may not seem likely targets may in fact be guerrilla targets solely because of their vulnerability. In this manner, an insurgent organization can be considered a type of resistance organization. It provides a general overview of US counterin- surgency strategy and the impact that strategy has on counterguerrilla operations. Conventional conflicts imply a state of open belligerency between nations and a direct confrontation of their armed forces.
The counteerguerrilla of living must be recognized as a contributing factor to the psychological climate within the area. Techniques and tactics applied successfully in one situation may not be suitable if applied in the same manner in another situation.
The principles in this manual are guides to be adapted to each counterguerrilla situation. This manual provides commanders and staffs of brigade elements and below with concepts and doctrine concerning the conduct of counter- guerrilla operations by US forces in insurgency and conventional conflict environments.
Sign In Sign Out. Some of the questions that should be answered are:. Because of the capability of NBC weapons to cause a maximum amount of confusion with a limited amount of personnel, their use must be considered as a method that the guerrilla may employ.
Many offensive techniques can be used as a type of defensive technique and vice versa. These special units may enter a friendly area through the use of high altitude, low opening HALO ; high altitude, high opening HAHO ; or low level parachute techniques.
If it continues to operate within the area that can be influenced by the main enemy forces, or if it utilizes conventional tactics, then it is not considered a guerrilla force. Many of the methods of resistance are part of the stock-in-trade of revolutionary activity. Conventional forces that may conduct guerrilla warfare include forces that have been cut off or that intentionally stay behind as their main force withdraws or retreats.
Usually, when Dm forces operate in friendly territory counterguwrrilla liberate previously captured friendly territory, the sociological factors generally favor the counterguerrilla force. Generally, the relationship between the counterguerrilla force and the civilian population is governed by restrictions and agreements that the US has with the government s of the country or countries in which the conflict takes place.
Since a major goal of participants in a conventional conflict is to gain control of territory through the use of regular armed forces, the forms of guerrilla activity change.
FM – Field Manuals – FM Counter-guerrilla Operations | Survival Monkey Forums
The counterguerrilla force commander will be provided guidelines and directives on the current joint and combined procedures for establishing an effective rear defense. If the guerrilla’s only source of resupply is external, then interdiction of his supply lines can decrease or halt operations as the guerrilla’s supplies are exhausted. Rolling, open terrain with less cover and concealment usually favors counterguerrilla forces in detecting and pursuing a guerrilla force.
The concept of resistance applies to an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist, oppose, or overthrow the existing f.