to computer-aided process planning are the variant approach and The generative approach involves generation of new process plans by means planning systems capable of automatically performing the complete task. Generative Computer Aided Process Planning: A system which automatically synthesizes a process plan for a new component is called. in some generative CAPP systems. CAPP has recently emerged as the most critical link to integrated CAD/CAM system into inter-organizational flow. Main focus.

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Computer-aided process planning

Process knowledge in form of in the form of decision logic and data generativw the part geometry requirements with the manufacturing capabilities using knowledge base. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August Articles with permanently dead external links.

Computer Aided Process Planning. In the retrieval type of CAPP system the various parts to be manufactured are classified, given codes and grouped within certain families.

Grouping parts into part families 3. Traditional Manufacturing Process Planning All the three tasks: For example, details such as rough and finished states of the parts and process capability of machine tools to transform these parts to the desired states are provided.

Development of a standard process plan 4.

Sometimes, the process plans are developed for parts representing a fmily of parts called ‘master parts’. With CAPP the amount of the clerical work is greatly reduced for the process engineers and there are fewer chances of errors. A number of methods have been developed for part family formation using coding and classification schemes of group technology GTsimiliarity-coefficient based algorithms and mathematical programming models.

The CAPP software can be easily integrated with syxtem other software like designing and manufacturing software. With CAPP the routine clerical tasks of the manufacturing engineers are reduced, so they can invest their time in more productive tasks.


The parameters are used to produce multidimensional differential equations. This suggests a system in which design information is processed by the process planning system to generate manufacturing process details.

As the design process is supported by many computer-aided tools, computer-aided process planning CAPP has evolved to simplify and improve process planning and achieve more effective use of manufacturing resources.

Other capabilities were table-driven cost and standard estimating systems, for sales representatives to create customer quotations and estimate delivery time. For example, when one changes the design, it must be able to fall back on CAPP module to generate manufacturing process and cost estimates for these design changes.

The geometry based coding ssytem defines all geometric features for process related surfaces together with feature dimensions, locations, tolerances and generatiive surface finish desired on the features.

In addition, a Manufacturing Execution System MES was built to handle the scheduling of tools, personnel, supply, and logistics, as well as maintain shop floor production capabilities. Generative or dynamic CAPP is the main focus of development, the ability to automatically generate production plans for new syste, or dynamically update production plans on the basis of resource availability. The whole process plan documents the operations as well as the sequence of operations on different machines.

The documents made from the computer are neat, clean and clear, which makes reading the routing sheets easier. Until recently, the whole process planning tasks were being done manually. Execution planning can be dynamic and accommodate changing conditions.

To make the proper sequence the operations are documented on a form known as the route sheet. All the three tasks: There are two approaches for computer aided planning process: The task of building and implementing the MES system still requires identifying the capabilities that exist within a given establishment, and exploiting them to the fullest potential. In the route sheet there is a list of the production operations and the machine tools that can carry out these operations on the part or the assembly.


The planners can invest their time on more skilled jobs and also attain the better process plan that is eventually translated into their higher productivity. Product lifecycle management Workflow technology Information technology management Industrial computing. Retrieved ysstem ” https: Computer-aided process planning initially evolved as a means to electronically store a process plan once it was systwm, retrieve it, modify it for a new part and print the plan.

Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) Manufacturing Capacity Planning by Computers

Within each part family standard process plan is established, which is stored in the computer. Process planning is concerned with determining the sequence of individual manufacturing operations needed to produce a given part or product. The use of computers for process planning enables removing a number of problems associated with the manual process planning.

The generativ of detail is much greater in a generative system than a variant system. Among the different companies and the industries there are lots of syetem in the format of the route sheet and the details found on it.

Due to this there are differences in the sequence of the machining operations developed by different planners. Management and Technology”, p.

In some cases the manufacturing engineering gives detailed list of the steps of the machining operations and also mentioning the work center on which the operation has to be carried out.

Keneth Crow [3] stated that “Manual process planning is based on a manufacturing engineer’s experience and knowledge of production facilities, equipment, their capabilities, processes, and tooling.

It provides for the planning of the process to be used in producing a designed part. This makes the whole process of designing, planning and manufacturing an integrated process.